5 minutes to understand the production process of Chinese panel furniture

5 minutes to understand the production process of Chinese panel furniture

Guide: panel furniture also has different technological processes due to its different surface materials and surface decoration effects. The main representative categories are: veneer panel furniture, sticker panel furniture, solid color panel furniture, melamine panel furniture, as well as solid wood mosaic furniture and mixed category panel furniture composed of one, two or more of the above categories. Its main technological process includes cutting, veneering, edge banding, slot processing, packaging and assembly. Cutting is the process of cutting the panel used in making furniture. Because the structure of panel furniture is relatively simple and the accuracy of connectors is high, high-precision cutting saws can be used to cut the panel directly to the size of the required parts during the cutting process. The equipment used for cutting is mainly the cutting saw. The common cutting equipment in the production of traditional panel furniture is precision panel saw, which is also often called “sliding table saw” because it has a pushable workbench on its side. The sliding table saw requires manual or semi manual operation by workers. Each time a plate is processed, the work intensity is large, the work efficiency is relatively low, and the processing accuracy and safety factor are relatively low. Another commonly used horizontal precision panel saw can be used for cutting multiple and large panels. With large output and high precision, it is often used in large-scale production. There are two types of advanced cutting equipment: ① electronic cutting saw, also known as “computer panel saw”, is an advanced digital processing equipment, which can be used for cutting a variety of plates. ② CNC machining center cutting equipment, CNC machining center can carry out cutting of plates with curved edges. Its basic principle is to use milling cutter to directly mill grooves with a depth exceeding the thickness of the plate along the edge of the plate, so as to achieve the purpose of cutting. Among them, the electronic cutting saw is the most widely used at present. Electronic cutting saw is widely used to process all kinds of plywood, fiberboard, particleboard, ass board, PVC board, plexiglass board, solid wood board and other structures, and cut boards with similar hardness. Characteristics of electronic cutting saw: ① high cutting accuracy and low loss: the saw blade runs on the linear guide rail, avoiding the deviation of speed, force, direction and other aspects caused by manual driving, and the saw mouth is accurate and neat. ② Safety and environmental protection: infrared scanning, there is foreign matter within 10cm from the saw blade, and the saw blade sinks automatically to prevent accidents; The piano key dust curtain can make the working environment cleaner and the sawing precision higher. The fine dust in the whole cutting workshop reduces the harm to people, and the production environment is cleaner and less noisy. ③ High efficiency: the work quantity of one electronic cutting saw is equivalent to three sliding table saws. With the automatic lifting feeding mechanism, rapid feeding can be achieved. ④ High accuracy: the telescopic guiding rule makes the long plate more accurate and saves working space. ⑤ The body structure is stable and firm: the body adopts 150 × seventy-five × 5 square tube is welded with 20mm deck plate, and then annealed at zero temperature by large heat treatment equipment to effectively remove the stress of the machine body, ensure the long-term sawing accuracy of the machine, and ensure that the machine body is never deformed and durable. ⑥ Simple operation: because the size and other data are controlled by computer, there is less manual participation, so the level of workers is relatively low. Ordinary workers do not need to know much about furniture structure, and can take up their posts after short-term training. Wood based panel veneer wood based panel veneer includes six steps from material cutting to edge cutting, which is the front process of panel furniture production. The wood-based panels purchased by the furniture factory are all the base materials without decorative treatment on the surface. The manufacturer shall veneer the artificial surface according to the requirements of furniture design. There are many kinds of materials used for veneering, including melamine impregnated paper, veneer, decorative paper, etc. The dimension deviation of the artificial board after cutting is large. At this time, veneering will lead to defects such as hollowing on the surface, which can not be used. Therefore, it is necessary to sand the thickness of the plate before veneering to make the surface as flat as possible. The equipment used for thickness sanding is a broadband sanding machine. The high-precision wide-band sander can correct the size of the wood-based panel, make its thickness more uniform, and make the surface more smooth by grinding the large roughness of the wood-based panel surface through thickness determination, so as to prepare for subsequent surface decoration. After sanding, the substrate needs to be cleaned to remove surface impurities. The treated plates are veneered by the veneering line. The veneering assembly line is composed of veneering machine, hot press, cooler, etc., which can semi automatically complete the processes of gluing, veneering, hot pressing, quality inspection, cooling, edge cutting, etc. with the participation of manual workers. Edge banding refers to the use of strip-shaped edge banding materials such as wood strips, sheet strips, single strips, thin wood strips, melamine resin decorative strips, plastic film PVC strips, ABS strips, pre painted decorative paper strips, which are glued and pressed on the edge of the plate, so that the periphery of the plate is sealed. The base material can be particleboard, medium density fiberboard, blockboard, double clad panel, etc. Edge banding of wood-based panel is an important link in the two-stage processing of wood-based panel. Through edge banding, the appearance quality of furniture can be well improved, the edges and corners of furniture can be avoided from being damaged, and the veneer can be lifted or peeled off during transportation and use. At the same time, it can play the role of waterproof, sealing the release of harmful gases, reducing deformation and cracking, and beautify furniture and make you happy. There are many kinds of edge banding materials. PVC edge banding is commonly used in customized furniture cabinets. The common method is to stick the edge banding strip to the side of the plate with adhesive. If there is a linear structure on the side of the plate, it is called linear edge banding; If the side of the plate is a special-shaped structure, it is called special-shaped edge banding. If the shape of the plate has milling shape, post forming edge banding is required. Linear edge banding is relatively simple and efficient. Due to the influence of the abnormal shape of the plate, the degree of manual participation is higher and relatively slow. The tool used in the edge banding process is the edge banding machine, including straight-line edge banding machine and special-shaped edge banding machine. Slot hole processing (1) drilling plate furniture components need to process various connector holes and tenon holes. There are four main types: ① connector holes: used to install and connect various connectors; ② Tenon hole: used to install tenon and locate parts; ③ Hinge hole: used for the installation of various door hinges; ④ Guide hole: used for positioning all kinds of screws and convenient for screwing in self tapping screws. (2) The slotting process can process various notches on various workpieces, such as through slots, broken slots, wire holes, etc. Notches on panel furniture are generally used to install panels, such as the back plate of the cabinet, the bottom plate of the drawer, etc; Or used to install various hardware accessories, such as tracks of sliding doors and other structures, various cables, decorative strips, etc. Packaging panel furniture mostly adopts flat packaging. The furniture during transportation is all kinds of disassembled panels, stacked together and packed into a smaller volume. At the customer’s home, it is assembled on site. This not only fully saves the transportation space, but also reduces the transportation cost. The packaging of this kind of furniture is flat packaging- This article is from lubanyuan furniture and building materials network. Please keep the original link for Reprint: https://www.lubanyuan.cn/jishu/zcbl/7579.html

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