Kitchen wardrobe Cabinet Hardware Buying Guide ,sourcing,inspection,testing,quality control

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Whether you’re remodeling your kitchen or building a new home, new knobs and pulls can be an affordable way to update your cabinets with a new look. With the use of just a simple screwdriver, anyone can easily install new cabinet hardware. You may not realize it, but you will use your cabinet hardware dozens of times each day, so it can have a big impact on the look and functionality of your kitchen. Updating these small details can have a tremendous impact, instantly transforming and complementing your evolving style.Before You Choose Your HardwareBefore selecting your new cabinet hardware, keep these helpful hints in mind:

• Count how many knobs or pulls you currently have or how many you will have. We suggest ordering a few more than you need in case any need to be replaced in the future.

• If you are replacing a cabinet pull, you’ll want to replace it in the same size. Measure the distance between each screw hole to find the center-to-center measurement. The standard center-to-center measurement is 3 inches, but there are many different sizes available. Feel free to bring your old hardware to your nearest Menards® so you can compare the replacement to the original to ensure that it lines up correctly.

• When choosing hardware, be sure to check that a knob or pull’s projection will not interfere with the function of other cabinets or drawers. Projection is the measurement of how far the hardware stands out from the drawer or cabinet. You may need to choose a knob or pull with a shorter projection height to ensure that your cabinets and drawers open properly in tight corners.

Measuring a cabinet pull handle with a tape measure.
Knobs

Knobs are projecting pieces in various shapes that typically attach with one screw.

Pulls

Pulls (or handles) are projecting pieces in various shapes, widths, and lengths that attach with two or more screws.

Backplates

Backplates are decorative panels mounted behind the knob or pull that are great for covering up existing screw holes in your cabinets.Your Cabinet Hardware Style OptionsMost designers classify hardware in four different style categories. Choose a style that complements your cabinets and personal taste.

Casual Style Cabinet Hardware

Casual styles include rustic, urban, and whimsical. Cabinet hardware in these styles is easy to coordinate with many themes.

Shop casual: Knobs | Pulls | Backplates

Contemporary Style Cabinet Hardware

Contemporary is the best of Euro-modern or cosmopolitan styles. These styles often feature sleek lines, sharp angles, and modern finishes.

Shop contemporary: Knobs | Pulls | Backplates

Traditional Style Cabinet Hardware

Traditional is often known as “Old World” style. Traditional-style cabinet hardware consists of classic designs that are often inspired by historical architecture and unique details that give it character.

Shop traditional: Knobs | Pulls | Backplates

Transitional Style Cabinet Hardware

Transitional combines the elements of contemporary and traditional hardware for a modern yet simple appearance. This style of hardware is ideal if you are seeking a balance between old fashioned and contemporary styles.

Shop transitional: Knobs | Pulls | Backplates
Understanding Your Hinge OptionsWhen choosing hinges for your cabinets, you’ll want to know the following:

• What type of cabinet do you have?
• Does your cabinet have a face frame or frameless construction?
• How big are your cabinet doors?
• What type of hinge is needed to fit your door, and how would you like it to function?

Here is a guide to help you choose the best hinges for your cabinets:

Chart to determine the number of hinges.

Step 1: Determine How Many Hinges are Needed

• 2 hinges are required for door heights up to 35″ or 3′, 20 lb capacity
• 3 hinges are required for door heights up to 63″ or 5′, 20-40 lb capacity
• 4 hinges are required for door heights up to 78″ or 7′, 40-60 lb capacity
• 5 hinges are required for door heights up to 94″ or 8′, 60-80 lb capacity

Framed cabinet door and frameless cabinet door.

Step 2: Determine if the Cabinet has a Face Frame or Frameless Construction

• Face Frame: The cabinet face is constructed of vertical stiles and horizontal rails that reinforce the cabinet structure and provide mounting support for doors and drawers.
• Frameless: The cabinet is constructed without any face framing. The door and drawers are mounted to the sides of the cabinet. Fully concealed hinges are used for the doors.

Inset cabinet doors and overlaid cabinet doors.

Step 3: Decide the Type of Cabinet Door You Have

• Flush or Full Inset Door: Sit completely within the cabinet opening, have no edges to grab onto, and need hardware to pull open. Ideally used with face frame cabinets.
• Partial Inset Door: Sit partially in the cabinet opening and partially across the face of the cabinet.
• Partial Overlay: Must be attached to framed cabinetry. Cabinet doors sit slightly apart from one another, revealing a piece of the face frame.
• Full Overlay: Sit fully across the face of the cabinet with no reveal.

Overlay styles for framed and frameless cabinet doors.

Step 4: Measure Overlay for Face Frame and Frameless Cabinet Styles

1. Close the cabinet door

2. Use a pencil and make a small mark on the cabinet frame directly against the hinged side of the door

3. Open the cabinet door (or remove the door) and measure the pencil mark to the opening of the cabinet
Step 5: Choose your Cabinet Hinges

Before deciding on cabinet hinges, it’s important to determine what purpose you want the hinges to serve. Menards® carries a variety of options for all types of hinges.

Surface: The hinge is visible and is mounted on the outside of the cabinet for primarily decorative purposes.
Concealed: The hinge is hidden and is mounted on the inside of the cabinet for maximum function.
Semi-Concealed: A part of the hinge is showing, the cabinet wing is exposed, and the door wing is concealed or vice versa. Semi-concealed hinges serve both functional and decorative purposes.

Soft-Closing: Door self-closes softly during the last few inches, preventing the door from slamming
Self-Closing: Door self-closes during the last few inches

Full Wrap Overlay: Wraps around three sides of the cabinet body
Partial Wrap Overlay: Wraps around two sides of the cabinet body
Overlay Hinge: Partial hinge (wraps around two sides of the frame) and lets the door overlap onto the frame

Flush: For frameless cabinets, both wings are mounted internally so that they are concealed with the knuckle and pine exposed.
Inset: For face frame cabinets, the semi-concealed hinge with its cabinet wing is visible, and the door wing is concealed.

Demountable hinges are also available for those who want to remove a cabinet door frequently without having to unscrew and re-screw the hinges.

Single Demountable: Allows the door to be removed, leaving the hinges attached to the cabinet. Hinges are mounted with frame screws to the face of the cabinet and special incisions into the door.
Double Demountable: Allows the door and hinges to be removed. Hinges are mounted without screws using incisions into both the door and cabinet face frame.Drawer Slide TypesDrawer slides allow drawers to open and close smoothly. They are used to support a drawer and permit easy operation through the use of guides or rollers. You will want to choose the correct drawer slide for your application and clearance. Drawer slides come in a variety of lengths ranging from 12 to 36 inches. There are many varieties to choose from along with weight capacities, extension variations, and uses. When selecting a drawer slide, it is important to select one that will work for your project’s weight and extension needs.

Example of a Drawer Slide

Drawer Slide Mounting TypesCenter mount drawer slides mount to the drawer’s bottom face and along the center. They are concealed when the drawer is extended and are ideal for small, lightweight drawers. Center mount drawer slides are best for use on face-frame cabinets.Side mount drawer slides attach to the side of the drawer and the side of the inner cabinet. They are visible when the drawer is extended and tend to support more weight. Side mount drawer slides are best for use on frameless cabinets.Bottom mount drawer slides mount to the bottom or bottom edges of the drawer and to the sides of the drawer. Bottom mount drawer slides are a good option if you are looking for something with more weight capacity.Types of Roller Drawer SlidesBall-bearing rollers offer a smooth glide for your drawer. The bearings are hardened spherical balls that greatly reduce the friction between moving parts.Nylon rollers operate in the same way as ball-bearing rollers, but the area of contact is a line instead of a ball and distributes the load weight over a large area.Choosing Catches

Cabinet Catches

Catches (or latches) are used to keep a cabinet closed and for a smooth door release. Whether you want a magnetic catch or a more secure latch that can help prevent small children from opening cupboards, there are a wide range of products to consider.Selecting Your FinishWhen choosing a finish for your new cabinet hardware, take a sample of your cabinet finish to your nearest Menards® if possible. This will help you match your cabinet finish with the hardware to determine the best color combination. There are a variety of finish options to choose from, including satin nickel, oil-rubbed bronze, polished nickel, and chrome. Select a finish that will complement your kitchen faucet, light fixtures, or other accents. When making your choice, the most important decision is selecting a finish that you enjoy and that will work with your current décor or theme.

Cabinet hardware installation and maintenance guide to help choose new hardware, replace and install your old hardware and proper cleaning techniques. Learn the techniques.
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