Processing Process and Equipment of Plate Furniture

板式家具加工工艺流程及设备

Processing Process and Equipment of Plate Furniture

流程

Technological process

使用设备

Use equipment

加工工艺

Processing technology

开料

Material opening

电子开料锯或推台锯 1、大幅面素版据切时应平起平落,每次开料不超过三层。

Electronic cutting saw or pusher saw 1. Large plain plate should be cut flat and flat, each cutting should not exceed three layers.

2、人工锯切后的板件大小头之差应小于 2mm。

  1. The difference between the size head and the size head of the plate after manual sawing should be less than 2 mm.

3、锯切后的板件应置于干燥处堆放,每个货位允许堆放五十层左右,同时将工艺卡片写清。

  1. The sawn sheets should be stacked in a dry place. Each storage space should be allowed to stack about 50 stories, and the process cards should be written clearly.

定厚砂光

Fixed thickness sanding

宽带砂光机 1、进行定厚砂光要求芯料两面削量均衡。

Wide-band sander 1. Sanding with constant thickness requires balanced cutting on both sides of core material.

2、要求每次单面砂削量不得超过0.5mm。

  1. It is required that the amount of one-sided sand cut should not exceed 0.5mm each time.

3、砂磨时,要求前后芯料首尾相连接连续进料。

  1. When grinding, continuous feeding is required between the front and back of the core material.

涂胶

Gluing

手工或滚轮机

Hand or roller

经涂胶的材料胶量应均匀地涂布在材料表面上。无漏胶。边沿无余胶溢出。

The glue content of the glued material should be uniformly coated on the surface of the material. No leakage. There is no excess glue on the edge.

组胚

Group embryo

由人工在组胚工艺台上操作

Manual operation on the embryo stage

薄木与单板的纤维方向一致。

The fibre orientation of veneer is the same as that of veneer.

胶压

Glue pressure

冷压机或热压机

Cold press or hot press

将板胚放入压机,加压,稳压,卸压,覆面板堆放。

Put the embryo into the press, pressurize, stabilize the pressure, relieve the pressure and stack the cladding panel.

裁边

Trimming

精密裁边圆锯机和双面裁边锯机

Precision Edge Cutting Circular Saw Machine and Double-sided Edge Cutting Saw Machine

覆面板裁边时先经刻痕锯在其背面锯出一条切槽,以切断覆面板背面的纤维,防止产生崩裂现象

When the cladding panel is trimmed, a notch is cut on the back of the cladding panel by a notch saw to cut off the fibers on the back of the cladding panel so as to prevent cracking.

封边

Edge sealing

直线封边机,曲线封边机,异性封边机

Linear Edge Sealing Machine, Curve Edge Sealing Machine, Heterosexual Edge Sealing Machine

覆面板封边要求:结合牢固,密封,表面平整,清洁,无胶痕,确保尺寸与形状的精度

Sealing requirements of cladding panel: firmly combined, sealed, flat surface, clean, no glue mark, to ensure the accuracy of size and shape

加工成型边

Processing forming edge

立式铣床,回转工作台铣床,镂铣机

Vertical milling machine, rotary table milling machine, router

立式铣床加工覆面板需较大幅面。回转铣床可加工各种弯曲成型的覆面板。镂铣机可进行铣槽及雕花。

Vertical milling machine processing cladding panel needs a larger area. Rotary milling machine can process all kinds of bending forming cladding panels. The router can be used for grooving and carving.

加工装配

Processing and assembly

多轴排钻

Multi axis drilling

32毫米排钻机

32mm row rig

表面修整

Surface dressing

卧式砂光机,立式砂光机

Horizontal sander, vertical sander

对于覆面材料进行休整处理以提高光洁度

To improve the smoothness of cladding material by restoring

板式家具的生产并不像一般人认为的那样只需三步一体的开料、封边、打孔 ,其生产加工所用的设备也无外乎开料锯、封边机、排钻而已。

The production of panel furniture is not as simple as the three-step cutting, edge sealing and drilling, and the equipment used in its production and processing is nothing more than cutting saw, edge sealing machine and row drilling.

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