What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

Now that all kinds of traditional crafts have been forgotten, mortise and tenon craft has been inherited and developed into a variety of faces, which reflects the wisdom of the ancients and the vitality of this traditional craft.

I won’t say much about the source, type and application of mortise and tenon. Interested friends can search and query in the historical list of Luban garden articles.

In this issue, we will look at mortise and tenon from another perspective and discuss what problems this traditional craft faces today and how to achieve self-improvement.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

  1. Material problems of traditional mortise and tenon

Mortise and tenon structures are commonly used in furniture. In the use of traditional Chinese furniture materials, rosewood, red sandalwood, rosewood and other hardwood materials have been used successively.

The soul of mahogany furniture is the mortise and tenon structure. Its wood has a close texture and fine texture. The mortise and mortise can be firmly combined, so that mahogany furniture can achieve the perfect combination of structure and function.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

Nowadays, because hardwood species such as rosewood and red sandalwood used in the furniture industry are heavily affected by environmental changes and man-made logging in recent years, many tree species are on the verge of extinction, and their prices are also quite expensive, which is not conducive to the production, popularization and promotion of furniture.

The production of mortise and tenon requires high quality of wood, which not only meets the requirements of mortise and tenon bite, but also has the requirements of toughness. Therefore, materials have a great impact on the production of mortise and tenon.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

1.1 maintenance of mortise and tenon structure

Traditional mortise and tenon structures need to be processed and produced by craftsmen manually or semi manually, which makes the processing cycle long and the labor cost high. Modern production is mechanical mass production and assembly line processing, which reduces the labor cost.

Therefore, the traditional mortise and tenon structure is restricted by nails and industrial glue, which are simple to process and convenient to install. The mortise and tenon structure using air nails and metal connectors has damaged the performance and toughness of the wood itself, and its service life is far lower than the traditional mortise and tenon structure using animal glue, resulting in irreparable.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

1.2 problems of mortise and tenon structure in process production

The structural form of mortise and tenon is relatively complex. For example, the production of shoulder tenon involves five parts, legs and feet, two waist bands and two tooth strips.

The five parts need to realize the mutual insertion of structures. In the manufacturing process, seven mortises of different sizes, depths and shapes need to be chiseled, and seven corresponding mortises are also needed. The structural form is complex and the manufacturing process is complex.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

The mortise and tenon structure used in modern times is simple, and the steps are simplified in the actual production process, which makes the traditional mortise and tenon structure appear faults.

In order to seek the stability of the products made of tenon and tenon structure, the manufacturer also replaced the adhesive with air nails in the production process. With the continuous improvement of science and technology and people’s aesthetics, the tenon and tenon structure has also been derived from the connecting components inside the furniture as a part of the external decoration, and the material form of the decorative tenon and tenon structure has also been compared with the traditional tenon and tenon structure.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

In the process of industrial production, due to the complexity and diversity of mortise and tenon structures, there are also problems in mechanized mass production. The wide application of computer digital control technology provides opportunities for mass production of furniture made of mortise and tenon structures, but the mortise and tenon structures that can be made by machinery are mostly straight mortise and round mortise, while the mortise and tenon with more complex structure, such as clip mortise and mosaic dragon and Phoenix mortise, are difficult to be produced by mechanization.

For example, brown tenon, many of its faces are 45 degrees inclined, and the interior is complex. This kind of tenon cannot be formed once or twice by machinery, but can only be made by carpenters by hand.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

1.3 cost of mortise and tenon structure

Compared with composite furniture that can be mechanized and automated, most furniture made of mortise and tenon structure needs to be made by hand.

In order to pursue economic benefits and reduce the materials used in production costs, most manufacturers use machinery to make all parts and do not hire professional technicians who understand the manufacturing process of mortise and tenon structure. Therefore, the manufacturing of mortise and tenon structure will be too simplified.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

The animal glue used in the traditional mortise and tenon structure has also been replaced by air nails, which has changed the traditional mortise and tenon structure. This has also led to the reduction of craftsmen specializing in this and the fault in the inheritance of mortise and tenon structure technology.

In modern society, the reduction in the number of carpenters, the aging and the lack of successors make mortise and tenon technology a situation that no one inherits. Moreover, a simple tenon requires skilled carpenters to complete it by hand in at least half a day. The high labor cost discourages most manufacturers.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

1.4 market acceptance of mortise and tenon structure

With the continuous development of industrialization, hand-made solid wood furniture has gradually faded out of the market, and the mortise and tenon structure combined with it has gradually faded out of people’s sight.

The large-scale use of composite materials such as artificial boards has reduced the market share of solid wood furniture, which also makes the mortise and tenon structure unable to circulate in the market.

Under the background of large-scale mechanized production, China has followed the western furniture production system. The structure is single and the connection method adopts metal connection or air nail, which replaces animal glue, making the mortise and tenon process receive an unprecedented impact.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

  1. How should traditional mortise and tenon face many challenges?

In view of the problems existing in the design and production of mortise and tenon structures, several suggestions are put forward:

In order to restore and retain the mortise and tenon structure to the greatest extent, we can refine the form of furniture, put the structure in the primary consideration of elements, and reduce the flashy design, that is, simplification.

Secondly, because the traditional mortise and tenon structure and its products are made of hardwood, hardwood is now scarce, and the impact of industrialized composite materials on solid wood is so great that it should be designed after reasonable material selection.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

With the development of the times, many new western cultures have been introduced. Therefore, we should inherit the influence of traditional culture and integrate Confucianism, Taoism, Legalism, Buddhism and other cultures into it.

The different combination forms of mortise and tenon can reflect its diversity. The furniture composed of mortise and tenon structure can be designed in a modular way, which is formed by the users themselves. It can not only make the users experience the fun of the mortise and tenon structure in the use process, but also realize the principle that the traditional mortise and tenon structure is not suitable for glue nails and is convenient for maintenance.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

“If you want to be good at work, you must first sharpen your tools”. In order to inherit and develop this traditional skill, you should also improve the original tools for making mortise and tenon. The original plane is still very difficult for those inexperienced carpenters in use.

At the same time, the state should also adopt the policy of relatively promoting the development of mortise and tenon structure, so that the handicraft industry has a higher enthusiasm for production, and create favorable conditions for the development of handicraft industry.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

  1. Write at the end

Mortise and tenon structure has been inherited and developed for a long time, absorbing Chinese traditional culture and scientific rationality. But its development also has two sides. Its limitations lie in the problems of unable mechanized production, limited material selection and high manual cost in practical application.

This makes the development of mortise and tenon balanced. Modern designers’ improvement and innovation of mortise and tenon structure is limited to the shape, but there is still a long way to go to realize the real mechanized mass production.

What are the problems faced by traditional mortise and tenon in modern furniture industry and where is the future?

Mortise and tenon products are also difficult to be accepted by sellers because of their long production time and high price. Therefore, we should extract its essence from the traditional craft, combine it with modern technology, and inherit and innovate from it, so that more people can understand the mortise and tenon structure, improve the cognition of the traditional craft, and make it better inherited.

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